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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 86-92

Digital health services among patients with diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic: A scoping review

1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, STIKES Buleleng, Bali, Indonesia
2 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada; The Sleman Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Correspondence Address:
Anggi L Wicaksana
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada,Yogyakarta, Ismangoen Bd 2F Jl. Farmako, Sekip Utara,Yogyakarta 55281
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijem.ijem_153_21

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Background and Aims: COVID-19 pandemic causes massive disruption of the global health system. The diabetic patients are the vulnerable parts population who are predicted to have a significant issue during the pandemic regarding the conventional type of consultation by face-to-face which may result in the higher risk of COVID-19 exposure. This study aims to observe the use of digital health services for diabetes management during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A scoping review was conducted in PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar during August until September 2020. The keywords that are used on the searching process are diabetes AND digital service OR telemedicine OR technology AND COVID-19. The criteria included the selection of scientific publication as an original research and reviews. Results: All published articles were gathered from 3 search engines; PubMed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar. The discussion explicates the practical considerations that are in accordance with the current condition of each country. In order to do so, the evidence is classified based on the level of global digital health framework in the developed and developing countries. It was found that the minimal level of digital health that connects diabetes patients with healthcare providers was at level 2, which is by using the video mode. The most advanced is at level 3B, which is applied by using the CGM devices, which provide active monitoring, diagnosis, and treatment based on timely clinical judgment. Conclusion: It is feasible to utilize the digital health service during the COVID-19. This review is projected to be beneficial for the patient and health care providers to select the most feasible approach of digital health that merits the contextual resource.

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