Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 414--416

Pulmonary function tests in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism


Sanjay Kumar Bhadada1, Ahutosh Agrawal2, Viral N Shah1, Anil Bhansali1, Arnanshu Behera3, Anish Bhattacharya4, Uma Nahar5 
1 Department of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (UT), India
2 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (UT), India
3 Department of Surgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (UT), India
4 Department of Gastroenterology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (UT), India
5 Department of Pathology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (UT), India

Correspondence Address:
Sanjay Kumar Bhadada
Department of Endocrinology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (UT)
India

Context: There is limited information on respiratory muscle functions in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). AIM: To assess respiratory muscle dysfunction in patients with PHPT. Setting and Design: This prospective study was carried between January 2005 and December 2006 by the Department of Endocrinology at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh. Materials and Methods: PHPT was defined as elevated parathyroid hormone in the presence of hypercalcemia. Spirometry was performed using a dry rolling seal spirometer and spirometric indices like forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in first second (FEV 1 ), and FEV 1 /FVC ratio were measured using standard guidelines. Results: Thirty patients were studied with a mean age of 37.1 ± 2.4 years and 18 were women. The most common presenting symptoms were fatigue (75.0%) and bone pain (60.70%). The mean (±SD) of percentage predicted FVE 1 , FVC, FEV 1 /FVC ratio, PEF, and FEF were 98.7 ± 16.1, 93.9 ± 14.7, 84.5 ± 3.4, 89.3 ± 22.5, and 99.7 ± 33.6, respectively. Two had obstructive lung disease and two had restrictive lung disease. We did not find correlation with preoperative serum calcium, phosphate, and PTH with FVE 1 , FVC, FEV 1 /FVC ratio, PEF, and FEF. Conclusion: Elevated calcium, low phosphate, and elevated PTH levels in patients with moderate to severe PHPT do not significantly affect respiratory muscle functions.


How to cite this article:
Bhadada SK, Agrawal A, Shah VN, Bhansali A, Behera A, Bhattacharya A, Nahar U. Pulmonary function tests in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism.Indian J Endocr Metab 2012;16:414-416


How to cite this URL:
Bhadada SK, Agrawal A, Shah VN, Bhansali A, Behera A, Bhattacharya A, Nahar U. Pulmonary function tests in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Indian J Endocr Metab [serial online] 2012 [cited 2021 Apr 10 ];16:414-416
Available from: https://www.ijem.in/article.asp?issn=2230-8210;year=2012;volume=16;issue=3;spage=414;epage=416;aulast=Bhadada;type=0